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Tibet’s Prehistory Culture in Tibet Museum

  • Source : VTIBET.com Author : Wang Chenyan Time : 07/28/2014 Editor : Wang Chenyan

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    Tibet is located in the southwest of Qinghai-Tibet Plateau. The uplifting of the plateau results in the formation of its unique environmental landscape and culture.


    The Late Paleolithic period in Tibet


    About 50,000 years ago(the Late Paleolithic), early humans began exploiting the resource in Tibet, which opened the exploitation prelude of Tibet. So far, eight Plaleolithic sites have been found in a broad area of Tibet. Some primitive stone tools were unearthed at these sites.The types and techniques of stone artifacts bearing some similarity between Paleolithic culture features in Tibet and north China which indicate culture exchange probably exist between the two different regions.



    Photo taken in Tibet Museum shows a landscape model of the northern Tibet Plateau in the late Pleistocene period [Photo/Wang Chenyan]


    The Neolithic Period


    The emergence of polished stone tools is an important symbol of the Neolithic Culture. The Neolithic culture, represented by Kha-rub Culture and Chu-gong Culture open a new magnificent chapter of its ancient history.


    During neolithic time, pottery technique gradually improved in Tibet. At the end of Neolithic period,the types, shapes,and decorating crafts of potteries in Tibet appear an extremely obvious plateau form, reflecting the local culture style.



    A conjuncted-body pottery jar from Kha-Rub site in Qamdo Prefecture [Photo/Wang Chenyan] 



    Different kinds of potteries unearthed in Neolithic period exhibited in Tibet Museum [Photo/Wang Chenyan]


    In this period, the Tibetan ancestors began grow agricultural crops like millet and barley. The dwelling patterns in Kha-rub transformed from half-underground- style housing in the early stages to semi-underground dwelling with stone mansonry walls in late stage. With the development of productivity, people’s aesthetic appreciation gradually improved in Tibet. Various materials and functions of ornaments begin integrating into daily livings.


    The Former Tubo Dynasty


    During the former Tubo Dynasty, different tribes formed in this period. they scattered in different areas of Tibet and created magnificent unique culture.



    A bronzen sward unearthed in Gelintang Cemetery in Ngari Prefecture [Wang Chenyan]


    It’s said that there are twelve tribes at that time.The Zhang Zhung Culture in Ngari Prefecture was a good example. We can find its traces in various remains, and ancient historical records, like Dunhuang Manuscripts. These different kinds of culture existed throughout Tibet, which provided a strong and massive humane and economic foundation for the establishment of Tubo Dynasty.

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