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Eyes on Tibet(May 9th)

  • Source : China Tibet Broadcast Station Author : Time : 05/09/2016 Editor : Tenzin Chodron

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    Hello and welcome to Eyes on Tibet, brought to you by China Tibet Broadcasting. I’m your host Xiaoyue in Lhasa. Coming up on today’s show, we’ll take a look at the improvement of every undertaking in Tibet in the past years.  

     

    The local government says Tibet enjoyed a 12% growth in the per capita disposal income of farmers and herders in 2015. The per capita disposal income rose to 8,244 yuan (that’s 1,263 U.S. dollars), maintaining double-digit growth for the 13 consecutive years. 

     

    Farmers and herders account for more than 80 percent of Tibet's population and the main work of local authorities is to improve their conditions and income. Over the past five years, the local government has channeled 78.7 billion yuan to farming and stock breeding. 

     

    Development of other industries helped create jobs and boost income. The authorities also helped to arrange surplus labor to work in other industries. More than 600,000 migrants sent back over 2 billion yuan to Tibet. 

     

    Losang, who works for a water plant in Damxung County, said he earned more than 50,000 yuan a year and with this he built a new house. Last year, the plateau region reported 11-percent GDP growth, the fastest in the country.  

     

    People in Tibet really did a great job in economy last year, the closing year of the 12th-five-year plan. So what Tibet has done during the 12th Five-Year-Plan period? At the Fourth session of the 10th Tibetan People's Political Consultative Conference held on January 27th, Lozang Gyaltsen, chairman of the Tibet Autonomous Region, described the last five years in Tibet as “extraordinary,” and used examples and numbers to make his point.  

     

     In Transportation, completion of the Metog Highway has meant all counties in China now have highways. High-grade highways have achieved zero breakthrough in Tibet with 300km completed. Highways in all of Tibet now measures 78 thousand km. The Lhasa-Shigatse Railway is completed and in operation. There are now as many as 63 domestic and international flight routes, reaching 40 cities worldwide. Jidu, party chairman of Metog Village remarks, it’s easier to travel, and people feel more confident after the highway was built. With roads, their life will get even better!  

     

     In Energy field, the Qinghai-Tibet and Sichuan-Tibet main power grids are now connected, with coverage for 58 counties. The Zangmu Dam Hydropower Station and many other hydropower stations are also in operation. The Zangzhong Power Grid no longer has limited power. The Pondo Hydro Junction is in use, bringing Tibet into a new era of hydro power. For the first time, Tibet can supply power to other areas. Lhapa, a resident of Xingga Village in Chagyab County, comments, his village had power outages all the time before, they didn’t even have steady light, but now, power is stable. They can use washing machine, TV, and refrigerator; life is so convenient now. 

     

    As for housing, the housing construction project for farmers and herdsmen is complete after an eight-year, 27.8 billion yuan project. Four-hundred-sixty-thousand households and 2.3 million farmers and herdsmen now enjoy safe and comfortable housing; their living conditions have been thoroughly transformed. The city of Lhasa has also completed its heating construction project, benefiting all residents. Namgyal Drolkar, a low-income resident in Lhasa,says all rooms have radiators, the kitchen has a fireplace. Thus winter is not cold anymore. 

     

    In Education, the 15-year free education is in full operation, with 60% of children enrolled in preschools.  The “Two Fundamentals” initiative is a success, enrolling 20 thousand students in professional and trade schools. People of labor-age now have as many as eight years of education.  Yadie, an elementary school teacher in Miling County of Nyingchi City says because parents don’t spend a single cent on education, everyone sends their kids to school now, there’s very little dropping-out or lack of school. 

     

    In Medical care, Tibet enjoys a county-level standard of medical care, and the disease control center  has coverage for all areas in Tibet. Every county has a medical center; every village has a medical clinic. City and rural residents as well as monks and nuns all enjoy free physical exams; children with congenital heart disease receive free medical care; the average life expectancy is now 68.2 years old. After Norbu Yangzom of Lhoka went to Beijing for a heart operation, she could run and play basketball again. Her father tells everyone that her kid’s medical problem was really serious, he heard it’d cost big bucks. But everything was free thanks to the Communist Party and the country. 

     

    As for Environment, a comprehensive ecology preservation and construction project was launched with an investment of 7.1 billion yuan. The “Big Ten” construction project is in full swing; 14.7 billion yuan was allocated for environmental subsidies and compensation. The “Two Rivers, Four Streams” project is underway, making Tibet much more green than before, with total forestation at more than 5 million mu. The water, atmosphere, and soil in Tibet are of high-quality. Wu Haipeng, party chairman of the Forestry Bureau in Nagqu prefecture remarks the Qiangtang nature reserve is a haven for wild animals. There are about 10 thousand wild yaks, 100 thousand Tibetan antelopes, and 80 thousand Tibetan wild donkeys. When he went to the countryside, he often saw the wild antelopes and domesticated sheep graze together. There used to be just a few wolves around, now there are packs of them.  

     

    At the beginning of November, Tashi Tsering from Nengying Town of Khangmar County, Shigatse of southwest China’s Tibet Autonomous Region, was busy with orders for Tibetan New Year. He said their Tibetan furniture is very popular and sells well. 

     

    Last year, Tashi Tsering lived below the poverty line. He joined the Tibetan Furniture Processing Cooperation that was invested by village’s poverty-alleviation scheme. With his efforts, Tashi Tsering gradually learned traditional Tibetan art crafts. He said he could earn over 80,000 yuan at the end of this year. 

     

    At present, Tibet has already been to the new stage of enhancing development ability, increasing income and building a moderately prosperous society. 

    Party Committee of Tibet Autonomous Region and the government support the development of poor regions through various ways, which enhances the basic infrastructure in agriculture and pastoral areas and promotes the essential public services. 

     

    Over 600,000 farmers and herdsmen now have access to safe drinking water. More than 100,000 people moved to low-income housing. All people in agricultural and pastoral areas have been included in health care system based on free medical treatment. The enrollment rates of primary school and middle school have reached 99 percent and 98 percent respectively in Tibet. There are 543 county-level centers. 

     

    During the 12th Five-Year Plan period, More than 410,000 poor people have shaken off poverty. The poverty incidence reduces to 32.95 percent from 49.62 percent of 2010. 

     

    With that we wrap up this edition of Eyes on Tibet. “Eyes on Tibet” is brought to you every Wednesday and Thursday. More information could be found at our website www.vtibet.com/en/. I’m Xiaoyue in Lhasa. Thanks for listening! Wish you a pleasant weekend…see you next time.  

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